Is the movement of cargo that requires unique equipment, expertise, and handling due to its unconventional size, weight, shape, or other characteristics. This type of freight shipping involves the transportation of goods that cannot be accommodated by standard shipping methods or equipment. Here are key aspects of specialized transportation:
Oversized and Overweight
Is typically needed for cargo that exceeds standard legal limits for weight and dimensions. This can include exceptionally heavy loads, oversized machinery, industrial equipment, large structures, and other non-standard items.
Use custom-designed trailers, trucks, and other specialized vehicles to accommodate the size and weight of the cargo. Examples of such equipment include lowboy trailers, flatbeds, heavy haul trucks, and multi-axle trailers.
Due to the non-standard nature of the cargo, specialized transportation often requires permits and regulatory approvals. These permits are necessary to ensure the transportation complies with safety regulations and road restrictions. The specific permits needed depend on the cargo’s size, weight, and the routes taken.
Safety is a top priority in specialized transportation. Cargo must be properly secured to prevent shifting during transit, and precautions are taken to ensure the load doesn’t pose risks to the driver, other road users, or the environment.
Escort and Pilot Vehicles
For particularly large or heavy shipments, escort and pilot vehicles may be used to lead or follow the transport. These vehicles help warn other drivers and provide guidance to the specialized transport.
Regulations and Compliance
Specialized shipping is subject to strict regulations at the local, state, and federal levels. Companies must adhere to weight limits, load securement requirements, and safety standards.
Generally more expensive than standard freight shipping due to the specialized equipment, permits, route planning, and safety measures involved.